Hardware Security: Challenges, Solutions and Opportunities
Chip Hong Chang,
Nanyang Technological University –
The geographical dispersion of chip design activities, coupled with the heavy reliance on third party hardware intellectual properties (IPs), have led to the infiltration of counterfeit and malicious chips into the integrated circuit (IC) design and fabrication flow. Counterfeit chips (such as unauthorized copies, remarked/recycled dice, overproduced and subverted chips or cloned designs) pose a major threat to all stakeholders in the IC supply chain, from designers, manufacturers, system integrators to end users. The consequence they caused to the electronic equipment and critical infrastructure can be disastrous yet identifying compromised ICs is extremely difficult. New attack scenarios could put the integrated electronics ecosystem in dire peril if nothing is done to avert these hardware security treats.
This talk provides an overview of our research effort in hardware security. Constraint-based watermarking and fingerprinting are first introduced as a detection approach to hardware IP copyright protection, which can be augmented by an identity-based signature scheme to enable multiple IP cores marked by different authors in a single chip to be publicly authenticable in the field by the end users. As reusable IPs sold in the form of FPGA configuration bitstreams are vulnerable to cloning, misappropriation, reverse engineering and hardware Trojan (HT) attacks, a pay-per-use liscensing scheme is proposed to assure the secure installation of FPGA IP cores onto contracted devices agreed upon by the IP provider and IP buyer. Side-channel analysis method for HT detection and an active current sensing circuit for fast screening of HT-infected chips will also be presented. The last part of this talk will introduce disorder-based methods to avoid the long-term presence of keys in vulnerable hardware. These methods enable random, unique and physically unclonable device fingerprints to be generated on demand for authentication and other cryptographic applications. The high-quality physical unclonable functions (PUFs) we proposed include the robust RO-PUF for resource-constrained platforms, CMOS image sensor based PUF for sensor-level authentication and the PUFs based on emerging non-volatile memory technologies. Finally, some on-going and future research topics addressing the challenges and opportunities in hardware security will be outlined.
Chip Hong Chang received the B.Eng. (Hons.) degree from the National University of Singapore in 1989, and the M. Eng. and Ph.D. degrees from Nanyang Technological University (NTU) of Singapore, in 1993 and 1998, respectively, and the Postgraduate Diploma for Teaching in Higher Education (PGDipTHE) in 2001 from the National Institute of Education. He served as a Technical Consultant in industry prior to joining the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EEE), NTU, in 1999, where he is currently an Associate Professor. He holds joint appointments with the university as an Assistant Chair of Alumni of the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering (EEE) from June 2008 to May 2014, the Deputy Director of the Center for High Performance Embedded Systems from February 2000 to December 2011, and the Program Director of the Center for Integrated Circuits and Systems from April 2003 to December 2009. He has coedited two books, published eight book chapters, and more than 200 refereed international journal and conference papers (mostly in IEEE). His current research interests include hardware-oriented security, low power arithmetic circuits, residue number system and digital filter design. He is the co-recipient of the Gold Leaf and Silver Leaf certificates of the 2010 Asia Pacific Conference on Postgraduate Research in Microelectronics and Electronics, and co-author of the finalist of the best paper award in IFIP International Conference on Very Large Scale Integration in 1995 and the finalist of the best student paper competition award for the 2015 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems to be held in Lisbon, Portugal in May 24, 2015.
Date: 2015-May-27 Time: 11:00:00 Room: Electrical and Computer Engineering Depart. Meeting Room, IST
For more information:
Seminar: Combining Reasoning and Learning for Discovery
07 June, 1.30pm, at Sala José Tribolet in Pavilhão Informática II at IST.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a rapidly advancing field inspired by human intelligence. AI systems are now performing at human and even superhuman levels on various tasks, such as image identification, face and speech recognition, and chatbots such as chatGPT. The tremendous AI progress that we have witnessed in the last decade has been largely driven by deep learning advances and heavily hinges on the availability of large, annotated datasets to supervise model training. However, often we only have access to small datasets and incomplete data. We amplify a few data examples with human intuitions and detailed reasoning from first principles and prior knowledge for discovery. I will talk about our work on AI for accelerating the discovery for new solar fuels materials, which has been featured in Nature Machine Intelligence, in a cover article entitled, Automating crystal-structure phase mapping by combining deep learning with constraint reasoning . In this work, we propose an approach called Deep Reasoning Networks (DRNets), which seamlessly integrates deep learning and reasoning via an interpretable latent space for incorporating prior knowledge. and tackling challenging problems. DRNets requires only modest amounts of (unlabeled) data, in sharp contrast to standard deep learning approaches. DRNets reach super-human performance for crystal-structure phase mapping, a core, long-standing challenge in materials science, enabling the discovery of solar-fuels materials. DRNets provide a general framework for integrating deep learning and reasoning for tackling challenging problems. For an intuitive demonstration of our approach, using a simpler domain, we also solve variants of the Sudoku problem. The article DRNets can solve Sudoku, speed scientific discovery  provides a perspective for a general audience about DRNets. DRNets is part of SARA, the Scientific Reasoning Agent for materials discovery . Finally, I will also talk about the effectiveness of a novel curriculum learning with restarts strategy to boost a reinforcement learning framework . We show how such a strategy is characterized by left heavy-tails and can outperform specialized solvers for Sokoban, a prototypical AI planning problem.
Professor Carla P. Gomes: Department of Computer Science, Cornell University
Carla Gomes is the Ronald C. and Antonia V. Nielsen Professor of Computing and Information Science, the director of the Institute for Computational Sustainability at Cornell University, and co-director of the Cornell University AI for Science Institute. Gomes received a Ph.D. in computer science in artificial intelligence from the University of Edinburgh. Her research area is Artificial Intelligence with a focus on large-scale constraint reasoning, optimization, and machine learning. Recently, Gomes has become deeply immersed in research on scientific discovery for a sustainable future and, more generally, in research in the new field of Computational Sustainability. Computational Sustainability aims to develop computational methods to help solve some of the key environmental, economic, and societal challenges to help put us on a path toward a sustainable future. Gomes was the lead PI of two NSF Expeditions in Computing awards. Gomes has (co-)authored over 200 publications, which have appeared in venues spanning Nature, Science, and a variety of conferences and journals in AI and Computer Science, including five best paper awards. Gomes was named the “most influential Cornell professor” by a Merrill Presidential Scholar (2020). Gomes was also the recipient of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI) Feigenbaum Prize (2021) for “high-impact contributions to the field of artificial intelligence, through innovations in constraint reasoning, optimization, the integration of reasoning and learning, and through founding the field of Computational Sustainability, with impactful applications in ecology, species conservation, environmental sustainability, and materials discovery for energy” and of the 2022 ACM/AAAI Allen Newell Award, for contributions bridging computer science and other disciplines. Gomes is a Fellow of the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence (AAAI), a Fellow of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), and a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS).
INESC-ID ESR Talks – June 2023
If you are a masters/PhD student or a postdoctoral fellow, come and present your work in an informal and friendly environment – and savour some tasty snacks!
Individual talks will be 10-15 minutes plus time for feedback. Enroll on your selected date by emailing pedro.ferreira[at]inesc-id.pt.
Happening on the second Wednesday of every month (4pm-5pm):
- 14 June (Alves Redol, Room 9)
- 12 July (Alves Redol, Room 9)
We hope to see you there!
OLISSIPO Summer School in Lisbon | Computational phylogenetics to analyse the evolution of cells and communities
We are happy to announce the OLISSIPO Summer School on Computational phylogenetics to analyse the evolution of cells and communities, which will be held in Lisbon, Portugal, at INESC-ID, between July 2-7, 2023.
David Posada, University of Vigo (class)
João Alves, University of Vigo (hands-on)
Nadia El-Mabrouk, Université de Montréal (class)
Mattéo Delabre, Université de Montréal (hands-on)
Ran Libeskind-Hadas, Claremont McKenna College (class and hands-on)
Russell Schwartz, Carnegie Mellon University (class and hands-on)
See the preliminary agenda at: https://olissipo.inesc-id.pt/tree-tango-school
Registration is mandatory. You can register at: https://forms.gle/VsASFHW5E7MJvaCc9
The registration fee is 250€ for students and OLISSIPO members and 350€ for postdocs or other researchers (meals indicated at the schedule of the school are included, accommodation and flights are not). All details will be made available upon registration.
We will have slots for flash talks (3-10 min depending on the number of submissions) to present yourself and the work you have been developing in your research.
The 13th Lisbon Machine Learning School | LxMLS 2023
The Lisbon Machine Learning Summer School (LxMLS) takes place yearly at Instituto Superior Técnico (IST). LxMLS 2023 will be a 6-day event (14-20 July, 2023), scheduled to take place as an in-person event.
The school covers a range of machine learning topics, from theory to practice, that are important in solving natural language processing problems arising in different application areas. It is organized jointly by Instituto Superior Técnico (IST), a leading Engineering and Science school in Portugal, the Instituto de Telecomunicações, the Instituto de Engenharia de Sistemas e Computadores, Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Lisboa (INESC-ID), the Lisbon ELLIS Unit for Learning and Intelligent Systems (LUMLIS), Unbabel, Zendesk, and IBM Research.
Check online for information about past editions: LxMLS 2011, LxMLS 2012, LxMLS 2013, LxMLS 2014, LxMLS 2015, LxMLS 2016, LxMLS 2017, LxMLS 2018, LxMLS 2019, LxMLS 2020, LxMLS 2021, LxMLS 2022 (you can also watch the videos of the lectures for 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2020).
31st International Conference on Information Systems Development (ISD 2023)
The 31st International Conference on Information Systems Development (ISD 2023) conference provides a forum for research and developments in the field of information systems. The theme of ISD 2023 is “Information systems development, organizational aspects and societal trends”. New trends in developing information systems emphasize the continuous collaboration between developers and operators in order to optimize the software delivery time. The conference promotes research on methodological and technological issues and how IS developers and operators are transforming organizations and society through information systems.
The ISD 2023 conference held this year also provides an opportunity for researchers and practitioners to promote their research, practical experience, and to discuss issues related to Information Systems through papers, posters, and journal-first paper presentations.
ISD 2023 will be hosted by Instituto Superior Técnico, in Lisbon, Portugal, on August 30–September 1, 2023.