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PTDC/CCI-CIF/32607/2017

Type of Position: Postdoctoral Position (Investigador Doutorado)

Type of Contract: Unspecified term work contract

Closed at: 2020-Jun-15

Description
Innovative geographic knowledge discovery is becoming increasingly possible through the analysis of large-scale data, for instance made available by Earth observation projects leveraging satellites and remote-sensing, provided by ground-level sensors, or given as volunteered geographical information (e.g., geo-referenced multimedia contents posted online on social media platforms). However, problems that involve combining remotely-sensed data with volunteered geographical information are only now starting to be explored, and they still involve a number of practical challenges, e.g. related to appropriate content classification.

Over the recent years, data classification leveraging deep neural networks has also become increasingly popular. These methods have been reported to result in impressive performance gains, when applied to problems related to processing images or natural language. Within GIScience research, deep learning can also have several applications, that are only now starting to be explored (e.g., for improving land coverage analysis, spatial downscaling methods, and general classification tasks that involve combining different types of data).

Within the MIMU project (i.e., acronym for MIning MUlti-source and MUlti-modal geo-referenced information), the researcher that is to be hired will work on the use of machine learning approaches for the discovery and mapping of innovative geographic knowledge through the analysis and processing of large-scale volunteered data (e.g., geo-referenced multimedia contents such as images and textual descriptions, posted on social-media platforms like Flickr, Twitter, or Foursquare), in combination with more traditional sources (e.g., remote- sensing products available in the context of initiatives like ESA's Sentinel/Copernicus programme, and/or tables with socio-demographic data made available by statistical offices). The complex relations between the different types of information, as well as the temporal and geographical dimensions of the data, introduce new challenges that will explored throughout the project, in an attempt to go beyond the current state-of-the-art.

The expiration of the contract that will operate with the communication referred to in article 345 (1) of the Código do Trabalho (Labor Code), meaning that the employer shall notify the termination of the contract to the employee, at least 7, 30 or 60 days in advance, according to whether the contract lasted up to six months, six months to two years, or per longer period.

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Contacts

Bruno Emanuel da Graça Martins

URL: http://www.eracareers.pt/opportunities/index.aspx?task=global&jobId=124415

Phone Number:

 

POCI/01/0145/FEDER/031460

Type of Position: Postdoctoral Position (Investigador Doutorado)

Type of Contract: Unspecified term work contract

Closed at: 2020-Jun-15

Description
Natural language processing (NLP) received a strong push in the last decade, due to the abundance of web data, and leveraging advances on statistical machine learning. While many different NLP tasks have seen significant progress, issues like (a) handling figurative devices (e.g., irony or metaphor) in written text, or (b) document-level parsing of discourse and/or argumentation structures, remain significantly challenging.

Discourse parsing requires understanding the communicative/argumentative roles of sentences or parts of a document, as well as their relationships. For that, typical features related to words and simple syntax cues are clearly insufficient, and mechanisms like understanding interactivity, coherence and thematic development are required. These difficulties motivate additional research towards building better representations for the text, that can then be explored by machine learning methods.

Discourse parsing is closely related to argumentation mining from text, a challenge that only recently has come to the attention of NLP researchers. Many important challenges remain open, particularly if we consider text that are not essentially argumentative, related with existing heterogeneous argumentative styles. Argumentation involves a large and heterogeneous set of linguistic representations humans have at their disposal. Argumentation processes have been studied in diverse areas (e.g., philosophy, linguistics, or even artificial intelligence); on the other hand, NLP approaches for argumentation mining are relatively scarce in the literature, particularly for other languages besides English.

The Discourse Analysis and Argumentation Mining from Text Sources (DARGMINTS) project proposes to study NLP/IE techniques for addressing the task of argument mining from text, focusing on the Portuguese language (for which there is no relevant prior work), considering sources such as (a) news articles, (b) parliamentary debate transcriptions, and (c) discussions in specific social network profiles. The development of an NLP pipeline for the Portuguese language will be carried on, leveraging recent advances in the area. This NLP pipeline will support more advanced tasks, related to document-level parsing of discourse and to mining argument structures, to be aligned with argumentation schemes and discourse theories.

We also envision the development of new interactive visualizations for exploring argumentation patterns and processes. Such visualizations will be the basis for building appealing applications, that resort to different types of textual sources (news, parliamentary debate or on-line discussion archives), in areas related with media studies, political science or forensics (e.g. identifying opinion makers, detecting fallacies or radicalization processes), as well as applications specifically tailored for researchers in applied linguistics.

Within the DARGMINTS project, the researcher that is to be hired will broadly work on all the tasks that were considered in the project, although with a specific focus on deep learning methods for natural language processing, particularly addressing cross-language and transfer-learning methods for applications related to argumentation mining from text.

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Contacts

Bruno Emanuel da Graça Martins

URL: http://www.eracareers.pt/opportunities/index.aspx?task=global&jobId=124414

Phone Number:

 

INESC-ID Public Notice Number PTDC/CCI-CIF/28939/2017

Type of Position: Postdoctoral Position (Investigador Doutorado)

Type of Contract: Unspecified term work contract

Closed at: 2020-May-22

Description
The PhD Researcher (PhDR) to be hired for this position will support the project’s Principal Researcher, ensuring the  evolution of the scientific and development facets of the project. The PhDR will be tasked with the daily management of the project’s work team, guiding and coordinating the several developments foreseen in the project’s several Activities, including the (co-)supervising of MSc students, in this context. S/He will also serve as main point of contact between the different partner’s technical teams. Although high-level scientific and strategic decisions will be the responsibility of the Principal Researcher, the PhDR will lend his/her support in the definition and implementation of such decisions. Finally, it will be the PhDR’s responsibility to develop and implement the technological solutions needed for the project.
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Contacts

Daniel Jorge Viegas Gonçalves

Email: rh@inesc-id.pt