At INESC-ID we have consolidated critical knowledge and technologies to meet the engineering challenges of energy transition. Our research capabilities combined with our experience in supporting the public entities and the industry place us in a privileged position to support the government in the development of public policies for the energy sector, in particular for the power systems necessary transition towards sustainability.
The practice of research and the experience in applying the results of that research to the development of new technologies allow us to figure out what will be possible in the near future and how it can be achieved and at what cost. And, perhaps more importantly, to distinguish between tangible and elusive goals – a critical aspect of decision making in times of very noisy information, typical of transitional periods.
At INESC-ID, we recently established limits on the response capacities of populations of electricity consumers to provide energy balance services. We modelled grid efficiency and assessed low-voltage losses with unprecedented detail to establish limitations in reducing delivery losses in Portuguese mainland. We evaluated for the first-time the entire Portuguese grid’s reliability and used the obtained high-resolution results (100,000 delivery points) to set the ceiling to improve the regulatory standards for the continuity of service. We contribute to effectively use renewables by pioneering adjustable speed drive applications that allow the operation of wind generators close to their maximum efficiency. We lead projects on the assessment of large-scale integration of photovoltaic systems and develop new power electronic converters to facilitate such integration. We are involved in advancing new solutions for energy storage and actively collaborate with the industry for their integration in the grid, assessing power quality and reliability related issues.